Oncogene-induced senescence (OIS) is a critical tumor-suppressor mechanism, which prevents hyper-proliferation and transformation of cells. c-Myc promotes OIS through the transcriptional activation of p14ARF followed by p53 activation. Although the oncogene-mediated transcriptional regulation of p14ARF has been well addressed, the post-translational modification of p14ARF regulated by oncogenic stress has yet to be investigated. Here, we found that c-Myc increased p14ARF protein stability by inducing the transcription of ubiquitin-specific protease 10 (USP10). USP10, in turn, mediated the deubiquitination of p14ARF, preventing its proteasome-dependent degradation. USP10-null mouse embryonic fibroblasts and human primary cells depleted of USP10 bypassed c-Myc-induced senescence via the destabilization of p14ARF, and these cells displayed accelerated hyper-proliferation and transformation. Clinically the c-Myc-USP10-p14ARF axis was disrupted in non-small cell lung cancer patients, resulting in significantly worse overall survival. Our studies indicate that USP10 induced by c-Myc has a crucial role in OIS by maintaining the stability of key tumor suppressor p14ARF.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology