PTK6 (also known as Brk) is an intracellular tyrosine kinase whose expression is up-regulated in several tumour types. Because localization of protein tyrosine kinases plays an important role in the development of cancers, we investigated the relationship between subcellular localization of PTK6 and its oncogenic properties. PTK6 was targeted to the plasma membrane or the nucleus of HEK 293 cells using the Src myristoylation signal (Myr) or SV40 T-antigen nuclear localization signal (NLS), respectively. The profile of cellular proteins phosphorylated by Myr-PTK6 was quite different from those phosphorylated by NLS-PTK6. Localization of PTK6 to the plasma membrane enhanced the ability of PTK6 to promote proliferation, cell survival and migration and to permit anchorage-independent colony formation. In contrast, nuclear localization of PTK6 impaired these functions. Our results demonstrate that recruitment of PTK6 to the plasma membrane is required for oncogenic function.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Seoul Research and Business Development Grant (10527); the Korea Science and Engineering Foundation through the Protein Network Research Center at Yonsei University; the Brain Korea 21 Trainee Program.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology