Online Heterogeneous Face Recognition Based on Total-Error-Rate Minimization

Se In Jang, Geok Choo Tan, Kar Ann Toh, Andrew Beng Jin Teoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we propose a recursive learning formulation for online heterogeneous face recognition (HFR). The main task is to compare between images which are acquired from different sensing spectrums for identity recognition. Using an extreme learning machine, the proposed recursive formulation seeks a direct optimization to the classification error goal where the solution converges exactly to the batch mode solution. Due to the nonlinear nature of the classification error objective function, formulation of a recursive solution that converges is an important and nontrivial task. Based on this recursive formulation, an online HFR system is designed. The system is evaluated using two challenging heterogeneous face databases with images captured under visible, near infrared and infrared spectrums. The proposed system shows promising performance which is comparable with that of competing state-of-the-arts.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8049340
Pages (from-to)1286-1299
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics: Systems
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Apr 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Manuscript received April 13, 2017; accepted June 22, 2017. Date of publication September 26, 2017; date of current version March 17, 2020. This work was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology under Grant NRF-2015R1D1A1A09061316. This paper was recommended by Associate Editor D. Zhang. (Corresponding author: Kar-Ann Toh.) S.-I. Jang, K.-A. Toh, and A. B. J. Teoh are with the School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Yonsei University, Seoul 03722, South Korea (e-mail:;;

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 IEEE.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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