The device-to-device (D2D) relaying is considered one of promising technologies to improve the spectral efficiency and extend the coverage of the cellular system with low additional costs. In the system with D2D relaying, some of user equipments (UEs) can act as relay stations (RSs) that forward other UEs' data from/to the base station (BS). Compared with the RS, the D2D relaying has several advantages such as low deployment costs and high flexibility. We study an opportunistic subchannel scheduling problem in the OFDMA cellular network with D2D relaying in this paper. We formulate a stochastic optimization problem to maximize the sum-rate of the system with D2D relaying while satisfying the minimum average data rate requirement for each UE, and then develop an opportunistic scheduling algorithm by solving it. Due to a high computational complexity of the optimal scheduling algorithm, we also propose a heuristic algorithm with a lower computational complexity. In addition, since UEs that participate in D2D relaying sacrifice their resources to relay other UEs' data, we also study incentive mechanisms to compensate their sacrifices. Through simulation results, we show the performance of our algorithms and the effects of our incentive mechanisms.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported in part by Mid-career Researcher Program through NRF grant funded by the MSIP, Korea (2013R1A2A2A01069053).
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Networks and Communications