Optical activation of Si nanowires (Si-NWs) using sol-gel derived Er-doped silica is investigated. Si-NWs of about 100 mn diameter were grown on Si substrates by the vapor-liquid-solid method using Au catalysts and H2 diluted SiCl4. Afterwards, Er-doped silica sol-gel solution was spin-coated, and annealed at 950 °C in flowing N2/O2 environment. Such Er-doped silica/Si-NWs nanocomposite is found to combine the advantages of crystalline Si and silica to simultaneously achieve both high carrier-mediated excitation efficiency and high Er3+ luminescence efficiency while at the same time providing high areal density of Er 3+ and easy current injection, indicating the possibility of developing sol-gel activated Si-NWs as a new material platform for Si-based photonics.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering