Optical detection of the potential for tooth discoloration from children's beverages by quantitative light-induced fluorescence technology

Ji Hyun Min, Bo Ra Kim, Baek Il Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Some beverages are known to cause extrinsic staining on the tooth. This study investigated the degree of pigmentation caused by children's acidic beverages, and to confirm the possibility of the quantitative light-induced fluorescence (QLF) technology in assessing staining of the tooth. Methods: Bovine tooth specimens were subjected to an 8-day pH-cycling model, using six children's beverages (experimental groups) and a cola (control group), and a remineralizing solution. Before and after the pH-cycling, white-light and fluorescence images of the enamel surface were photographed with a QLF to evaluate color change (ΔEafter) and fluorescence loss (ΔFafter), respectively. Paired t-test was used to compare the tooth colors obtained before and after the pH-cycling. Spearman correlation analysis was performed to examine the correlation between the ΔEafter and ΔFafter values. Results: Median ΔEafter values of all the beverages ranged from 1.33 to 20.42, showing the greatest value in Koal-Koal Koala™ (KKK, p < 0.001). The ΔEafter was correlated with ΔFafter value negatively (ρ=−0.611, p < 0.001). The median ΔFafter varied by beverages (−38.86–0.00) and KKK caused the greatest value. Conclusions: The cola and 6 children's beverages showed the possibility for discoloration on the tooth. The QLF technology may enable monitoring the discoloration induced on the tooth surface by acidic beverage.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102240
JournalPhotodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Volume34
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jun

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by BK21 FOUR Project, Yonsei University College of Dentistry .

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier B.V.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Oncology
  • Dermatology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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