A new route to systematically control the optical dispersion properties of surfactant-free deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) thin solid films was developed by doping them with vitamin B2, also known as riboflavin. Surfactant-free DNA solid films of high optical quality were successfully deposited on various types of substrates by spin coating of aqueous solutions without additional chemical processes, with thicknesses ranging from 18 to 100 nm. Optical properties of the DNA films were investigated by measuring UV-visible-NIR transmission, and their refractive indices were measured using variable-angle spectroscopic ellipsometry. By doping DNA solid films with riboflavin, the refractive index was consistently increased with an index difference Δn ≥ 0.015 in the spectral range from 500 to 900 nm, which is sufficiently large to make an all-DNA optical waveguide. Detailed correlation between the optical dispersion and riboflavin concentration was experimentally investigated and thermo-optic coefficients of the DNA-riboflavin thin solid films were also experimentally measured in the temperature range from 20 to 85 °C, opening the potential to new bio-thermal sensing applications.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Institute of Physics and Applied Physics, Yonsei University, and by the Nanomaterial Technology Development program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Korean Ministry of Education, Science, and Technology (MEST) (2012M3A7B4049800). The authors would like to further thank WizOptics, Inc. of Kyeonggido, South Korea for training and use of the M-2000U-NIR spectroscopic ellipsometer.
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