In recent years, a new quench protection system using capacitor and switches has been announced to rapidly extract energy from high temperature superconducting (HTS) magnets. When a quench occurs, the quench protection system activates four metal oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor switches in sequence, and the energy stored in the magnet is extracted by a capacitor to an external resistor. To verify the feasibility of the proposed dual-capacitor switching (DCS) quench protection system, DCS system was tested using a small-scale coil with a 3.3 mH self-inductance. The experimental results show that the energy extraction of the magnet is faster than the quench protection system using a conventional dump resistor. However, as the system is sensitive to the capacitance, inductance, and four resistances, it is necessary to analyze and optimize the design parameters for an application to various magnet systems. In this study, a modified DCS system is introduced to remove the constraints of capacitance, and the effect of all the design parameters on DCS protection performance is analyzed. The optimal design of modified DCS protection system for the best performance is determined. The performance of the system is also evaluated by applying a design that is optimized for the scale-up HTS coil with a 30 mH self-inductance.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering