Optimal Design and Performance Evaluation of Dual-Capacitor Switching (DCS) Quench Protection System for Superconducting Magnet

Yojong Choi, Woo Seung Lee, Seunghyun Song, Haeryong Jeon, Tae Kuk Ko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


In recent years, a new quench protection system using capacitor and switches has been announced to rapidly extract energy from high temperature superconducting (HTS) magnets. When a quench occurs, the quench protection system activates four metal oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor switches in sequence, and the energy stored in the magnet is extracted by a capacitor to an external resistor. To verify the feasibility of the proposed dual-capacitor switching (DCS) quench protection system, DCS system was tested using a small-scale coil with a 3.3 mH self-inductance. The experimental results show that the energy extraction of the magnet is faster than the quench protection system using a conventional dump resistor. However, as the system is sensitive to the capacitance, inductance, and four resistances, it is necessary to analyze and optimize the design parameters for an application to various magnet systems. In this study, a modified DCS system is introduced to remove the constraints of capacitance, and the effect of all the design parameters on DCS protection performance is analyzed. The optimal design of modified DCS protection system for the best performance is determined. The performance of the system is also evaluated by applying a design that is optimized for the scale-up HTS coil with a 30 mH self-inductance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9050488
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jun

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Manuscript received September 24, 2019; accepted March 19, 2020. Date of publication March 30, 2020; date of current version April 13, 2020. This work was supported in part by Korea Electric Power Corporation under Grant R17XA05_32, and in part by “Human Resources Program in Energy Technology” of the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP), and granted financial resource from the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy, Republic of Korea under grant 20184030202270. (Corresponding author: Tae Kuk Ko.) Yojong Choi and Haeryong Jeon are with the School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Yonsei University, Seoul 30722, South Korea (e-mail: cyj7287@yonsei.ac.kr).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2002-2011 IEEE.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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