Optimal design of a composite space shield based on numerical simulations

Byung Jin Son, Jeonghoon Yoo, Minhyung Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, optimal design of a stuffed Whipple shield is proposed by using numerical simulations and new penetration criterion. The target model was selected based on the shield model used in the Columbus module of the international space station. Because experimental results can be obtained only in the low velocity region below 7 km/s, it is required to derive the Ballistic limit curve (BLC) in the high velocity region above 7 km/s by numerical simulation. AUTODYN-2D, the commercial hydro-code package, was used to simulate the nonlinear transient analysis for the hypervelocity impact. The Smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) method was applied to projectile and bumper modeling to represent the debris cloud generated after the impact. Numerical simulation model and selected material properties were validated through a quantitative comparison between numerical and experimental results. A new criterion to determine whether the penetration occurs or not is proposed from kinetic energy analysis by numerical simulation in the velocity region over 7 km/s. The parameter optimization process was performed to improve the protection ability at a specific condition through the Design of experiment (DOE) method and the Response surface methodology (RSM). The performance of the proposed optimal design was numerically verified.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5299-5308
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Mechanical Science and Technology
Volume29
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Dec 1

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Computer simulation
Composite materials
Space stations
Projectiles
Ballistics
Debris
Transient analysis
Kinetic energy
Design of experiments
Materials properties
Hydrodynamics
Optimal design

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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Optimal design of a composite space shield based on numerical simulations. / Son, Byung Jin; Yoo, Jeonghoon; Lee, Minhyung.

In: Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology, Vol. 29, No. 12, 01.12.2015, p. 5299-5308.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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