We show that a p-ary polyphase sequence of period p2 from the Fermat quotients is perfect. That is, its periodic autocorrelation is zero for all non-trivial phase shifts. We call this Fermat-quotient sequence. We propose a collection of optimal families of perfect polyphase sequences using the Fermatquotient sequences in the sense of the Sarwate bound. That is, the cross correlation of two members in a family is upper bounded by p. To investigate some relation between Fermat-quotient sequences and Frank-Zadoff sequences and to construct optimal families including these sequences, we introduce generators of p-ary polyphase sequences of period p2 using their p× p array structures. We call an optimal generator to be the generator of some p-ary polyphase sequences which are perfect and which gives an optimal family by the proposed construction. Finally, we propose an algebraic construction for optimal generators as another main result. A lot of optimal families of size p - 1 can be constructed from these optimal generators, some of which are known to be from the Fermat-quotient sequences or from the Frank-Zadoff sequences, but some families are new for p ≥ 11. The relation between the Fermat-quotient sequences and the Frank-Zadoff sequences is determined as a by-product.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Information Systems
- Computer Science Applications
- Library and Information Sciences