Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the optimal strategy for antiplatelet therapy in patients with lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD) after endovascular revascularization. Background: The optimal strategy for antiplatelet therapy in patients with PAD after endovascular revascularization has not been established. Methods: From March 2008 to February 2013, 693 patients with lower extremity PAD treated with different antiplatelet therapies, such as mono-antiplatelet therapy (MAPT) and dual-antiplatelet therapy (DAPT), of various durations after endovascular revascularization were analyzed. They were classified into 2 groups (DAPT <6 months or MAPT vs. DAPT ≥6 months). The primary outcomes were major adverse cardiovascular events and major adverse limb events. The safety outcome was major bleeding. Results: During 5-year follow-up, major adverse cardiovascular events occurred less frequently in the DAPT ≥6-month group than the DAPT <6-month or MAPT group (17.3% vs. 31.3%; hazard ratio: 0.44; 95% confidence interval: 0.30 to 0.65; p < 0.001). Major adverse limb events also occurred less frequently in the DAPT ≥6-month group than the DAPT <6-month or MAPT group (21.5% vs. 43.7%; hazard ratio: 0.42; 95% CI: 0.30 to 0.58; p < 0.001). However, major bleeding events were infrequent, with no signal toward harm with DAPT ≥6 months. Results were consistent after inverse probability-weighted adjustment and propensity score matching. Conclusions: Following endovascular revascularization for lower extremity PAD, DAPT ≥6 months was associated with decreased 5-year major adverse cardiovascular events and major adverse limb events.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by grants from the Korea Healthcare Technology Research & Development Project, Ministry for Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea (A085136 and HI15C1277), the Mid-Career Researcher Program through an National Research Foundation grant funded by the Ministry of Education, Science, and Technology, Republic of Korea (2015R1A2A2A01002731), and the Cardiovascular Research Center. The authors have reported that they have no relationships relevant to the contents of this paper to disclose.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine