Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the optimal strategy for antiplatelet therapy in patients with lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD) after endovascular revascularization. Background: The optimal strategy for antiplatelet therapy in patients with PAD after endovascular revascularization has not been established. Methods: From March 2008 to February 2013, 693 patients with lower extremity PAD treated with different antiplatelet therapies, such as mono-antiplatelet therapy (MAPT) and dual-antiplatelet therapy (DAPT), of various durations after endovascular revascularization were analyzed. They were classified into 2 groups (DAPT <6 months or MAPT vs. DAPT ≥6 months). The primary outcomes were major adverse cardiovascular events and major adverse limb events. The safety outcome was major bleeding. Results: During 5-year follow-up, major adverse cardiovascular events occurred less frequently in the DAPT ≥6-month group than the DAPT <6-month or MAPT group (17.3% vs. 31.3%; hazard ratio: 0.44; 95% confidence interval: 0.30 to 0.65; p < 0.001). Major adverse limb events also occurred less frequently in the DAPT ≥6-month group than the DAPT <6-month or MAPT group (21.5% vs. 43.7%; hazard ratio: 0.42; 95% CI: 0.30 to 0.58; p < 0.001). However, major bleeding events were infrequent, with no signal toward harm with DAPT ≥6 months. Results were consistent after inverse probability-weighted adjustment and propensity score matching. Conclusions: Following endovascular revascularization for lower extremity PAD, DAPT ≥6 months was associated with decreased 5-year major adverse cardiovascular events and major adverse limb events.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine