Optimal Strategy for Antiplatelet Therapy After Endovascular Revascularization for Lower Extremity Peripheral Artery Disease

Sungsoo Cho, Yong Joon Lee, Young Guk Ko, Tae Soo Kang, Seong Hoon Lim, Sung Jin Hong, Chul Min Ahn, Jung Sun Kim, Byeong Keuk Kim, Donghoon Choi, Myeong Ki Hong, Yangsoo Jang

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Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the optimal strategy for antiplatelet therapy in patients with lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD) after endovascular revascularization. Background: The optimal strategy for antiplatelet therapy in patients with PAD after endovascular revascularization has not been established. Methods: From March 2008 to February 2013, 693 patients with lower extremity PAD treated with different antiplatelet therapies, such as mono-antiplatelet therapy (MAPT) and dual-antiplatelet therapy (DAPT), of various durations after endovascular revascularization were analyzed. They were classified into 2 groups (DAPT <6 months or MAPT vs. DAPT ≥6 months). The primary outcomes were major adverse cardiovascular events and major adverse limb events. The safety outcome was major bleeding. Results: During 5-year follow-up, major adverse cardiovascular events occurred less frequently in the DAPT ≥6-month group than the DAPT <6-month or MAPT group (17.3% vs. 31.3%; hazard ratio: 0.44; 95% confidence interval: 0.30 to 0.65; p < 0.001). Major adverse limb events also occurred less frequently in the DAPT ≥6-month group than the DAPT <6-month or MAPT group (21.5% vs. 43.7%; hazard ratio: 0.42; 95% CI: 0.30 to 0.58; p < 0.001). However, major bleeding events were infrequent, with no signal toward harm with DAPT ≥6 months. Results were consistent after inverse probability-weighted adjustment and propensity score matching. Conclusions: Following endovascular revascularization for lower extremity PAD, DAPT ≥6 months was associated with decreased 5-year major adverse cardiovascular events and major adverse limb events.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2359-2370
Number of pages12
JournalJACC: Cardiovascular Interventions
Volume12
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Dec 9

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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