Saliva is a readily accessible and clinically useful biofluid that can be used to develop disease biomarkers because of a variety of biologically active molecules in it that are also found in blood. However, even though saliva sampling is simple and non-invasive, few studies have investigated the use of salivary lipids as biomarkers, and the extraction of lipids from saliva needs to be examined thoroughly. In the present study, methods (i.e., saliva sample volume, 0.1–1.0 mL) for the extraction and analysis of salivary lipids by nanoflow ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (nUHPLC-ESI-MS/MS) were evaluated according to the matrix effect, extraction recovery, and number of quantifiable lipids. A total of 780 lipids were identified in a pooled saliva sample from 20 healthy volunteers, and 372 lipids without differentiating acyl chain structures were quantified, along with comprehensive information on salivary lipid composition and individual lipid levels. Even though extraction recovery was maintained at saliva sample volumes as low as 0.2 mL, the matrix effect and limit of detection (LOD) were relatively large with 1.0 mL. Considering the matrix effect, LOD, and number of quantifiable lipids (>limit of quantitation), the minimum volume of saliva sufficient for lipidomic analysis using nUHPLC-ESI-MS/MS was determined to be 0.5 mL.
|Journal||Analytica Chimica Acta|
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Feb 8|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Role of the funding source: This work was supported by a bilateral research program ( NRF-2020K2A9A1A06097918 ) between Turkey and Korea supported by the National Research Foundation (NRF) of Korea and in part by NRF-2021R1A2C2003171 .
© 2021 Elsevier B.V.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Environmental Chemistry