Dimethyl carbonate (DMC) is an environment-friendly chemical, widely used as a solvent, reagent, and fuel additive. It is produced commercially via transesterification, an equilibrium reaction in which ethylene carbonate (EC) and methanol (MeOH) react to produce DMC and a useful coproduct, monoethylene glycol (MEG). However, side reactions occur, such as the reaction of EC with MEG to produce diethylene glycol and CO2. These reactions must be considered to simulate the DMC process accurately. Reported theoretical results without considering the side reactions differed by 1.7% from industrial results. Here, side reactions were considered to improve the simulation accuracy; a relative error of only 0.1% was obtained. The optimal EC:MeOH feed ratio was changed (from 8.1 to 8.5) to increase the profit to 0.2 USD per kmol of EC. Thus, herein we show how to increase the profit by process modification, which will be useful for studies involving commercial plant simulation.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the BK 21 Program funded by the Korean Ministry of Education (MOE).
Copyright © 2019 American Chemical Society.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering