Optimized Memory-Disk Integrated System with DRAM and Nonvolatile Memory

Su Kyung Yoon, Young Sun Youn, Sang Jae Nam, Min Ho Son, Shin Dug Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

New nonvolatile memory devices can overcome the high-energy consumption, volatility, and density scaling limit of dynamic RAM (DRAM). With these advantages, next-generation nonvolatile memory devices can use both working memory and persistent storage simultaneously. In this study, we horizontally arrange DRAM, phase change memory (PCM), and flash memories as a single compound layer of working and storage space for a memory-disk integrated system (MDIS). The MDIS architecture consists of a static data buffer, DRAM/PCM/Flash hybrid array, and its associated MDIS management module. The static data buffer is placed between the last-level cache and DRAM/PCM/Flash hybrid array to reduce the performance gap. In the DRAM/PCM/Flash hybrid array, DRAM space and a portion of PCM space are used for dynamic data, and the remaining portion of PCM space and flash memory are used for static data including program text and data segments. Based on our simulation results, dynamic access latency of a dynamic area with 128 MB DRAM of space is faster than the MDIS with a PCM-only array model by approximately 5.5 times. Furthermore, the results show that the total execution time of our proposed model with 128-MB DRAM space improves speed by 4.3 times compared to conventional memory-storage system, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7425254
Pages (from-to)83-93
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Multi-Scale Computing Systems
Volume2
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Apr 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Information Systems
  • Hardware and Architecture

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