Orbital angular momentum analysis for giant spin splitting in solids and nanostructures

Sehoon Oh, Hyoung Joon Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Giant spin splitting (GSS) of electronic bands, which is several orders of magnitude greater than the standard Rashba effect has been observed in various systems including noble-metal surfaces and thin films of transition-metal dichalcogenides. Previous studies reported that orbital angular momentum (OAM) is not quenched in some GSS materials and that the atomic spin-orbit interaction (SOI) generates spin splitting in some solid states via the interorbital hopping. Although the unquenched OAM may be closely related to the interorbital hopping, their relationship is hardly studied in the aspect of using the unquenched OAM as a control parameter of GSS. Here, we analyze OAM in GSS materials by using the interorbital-hopping mechanism and first-principles calculations. We report that the interatomic hopping between different-parity orbitals, which is generated by specific broken mirror symmetry, produces k-dependent OAM, resulting in valley-dependent GSS in WSe2 monolayer, Rashba-type GSS in Au (111) surface, and Dresselhaus-type GSS in bulk HgTe. We also demonstrate systematic control of OAM by pressure, external fields, and substrates, thereby controlling the spin splitting, and discuss the temperature dependence of OAM. Our results provide a simplified picture for systematic design and control of GSS materials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2024
JournalScientific reports
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Dec 1

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angular momentum
orbitals
noble metals
spin-orbit interactions
metal surfaces
valleys
parity
transition metals
mirrors
solid state
temperature dependence
symmetry
thin films
electronics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

Cite this

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abstract = "Giant spin splitting (GSS) of electronic bands, which is several orders of magnitude greater than the standard Rashba effect has been observed in various systems including noble-metal surfaces and thin films of transition-metal dichalcogenides. Previous studies reported that orbital angular momentum (OAM) is not quenched in some GSS materials and that the atomic spin-orbit interaction (SOI) generates spin splitting in some solid states via the interorbital hopping. Although the unquenched OAM may be closely related to the interorbital hopping, their relationship is hardly studied in the aspect of using the unquenched OAM as a control parameter of GSS. Here, we analyze OAM in GSS materials by using the interorbital-hopping mechanism and first-principles calculations. We report that the interatomic hopping between different-parity orbitals, which is generated by specific broken mirror symmetry, produces k-dependent OAM, resulting in valley-dependent GSS in WSe2 monolayer, Rashba-type GSS in Au (111) surface, and Dresselhaus-type GSS in bulk HgTe. We also demonstrate systematic control of OAM by pressure, external fields, and substrates, thereby controlling the spin splitting, and discuss the temperature dependence of OAM. Our results provide a simplified picture for systematic design and control of GSS materials.",
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Orbital angular momentum analysis for giant spin splitting in solids and nanostructures. / Oh, Sehoon; Choi, Hyoung Joon.

In: Scientific reports, Vol. 7, No. 1, 2024, 01.12.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

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AU - Oh, Sehoon

AU - Choi, Hyoung Joon

PY - 2017/12/1

Y1 - 2017/12/1

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AB - Giant spin splitting (GSS) of electronic bands, which is several orders of magnitude greater than the standard Rashba effect has been observed in various systems including noble-metal surfaces and thin films of transition-metal dichalcogenides. Previous studies reported that orbital angular momentum (OAM) is not quenched in some GSS materials and that the atomic spin-orbit interaction (SOI) generates spin splitting in some solid states via the interorbital hopping. Although the unquenched OAM may be closely related to the interorbital hopping, their relationship is hardly studied in the aspect of using the unquenched OAM as a control parameter of GSS. Here, we analyze OAM in GSS materials by using the interorbital-hopping mechanism and first-principles calculations. We report that the interatomic hopping between different-parity orbitals, which is generated by specific broken mirror symmetry, produces k-dependent OAM, resulting in valley-dependent GSS in WSe2 monolayer, Rashba-type GSS in Au (111) surface, and Dresselhaus-type GSS in bulk HgTe. We also demonstrate systematic control of OAM by pressure, external fields, and substrates, thereby controlling the spin splitting, and discuss the temperature dependence of OAM. Our results provide a simplified picture for systematic design and control of GSS materials.

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