Ordering and microdomain orientation for the films of symmetric polystyrene-b-poly(tert-butyl methacrylate)s (PS-b-PtBMAs) was investigated by in-situ grazing incidence small-angle X-ray scattering (GISAXS) and the electron microscopy. During thermal deprotection at higher temperature (200 °C), functional tert-butyl ester units in the PtBMA block component are integrated into inter- or intra-molecular anhydride linkages. It was observed that this process causes an increase in the Flory-Huggins interaction parameter (χ) between the two block components for disordered PS-b-PtBMA film, leading to a modulated nonequilibrium structure. Interestingly, for lamella-forming PS-b-PtBMA film, a significant chain stretching in lateral direction during thermal deprotection resulted in a characteristic strain-induced perpendicular orientation in the middle of the film confined between two parallel orientations of lamellar microdomains.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry