Nanoporous silica composite membranes for gas separation have been synthesized by the organic-templating sol-gel technique and their CO 2/N2 separation efficiency has been investigated. Stable organic-templating silica sols capable of coating nanoporous amorphous silica layers on SiO2/α-Al2O3 composite supports were prepared by the two-step acid-catalytic process using the mixture of TEOS and template such as MTES (methyltriethoxysilane) being covalently bonded with TEOS or TPABr (tetrapropylammonium bromide) non-reacted. The SiO 2/α-Al2O3 composite supports (pore size 1.6nm) prepared by pressurized coating of the porous α-alumina tube with a nanoparticulate silica sol were found to be more suitable than pure α-Al2O3 composite supports for synthesizing crack-free membranes which have the high CO2/N2 separation efficiency. The N2 permeability of organic-templated silica composite membranes synthesized was about 10-8mol/m 2·s·Pa and the CO2/N2 separation factor of the MTES-templated silica composite membranes was enhanced up to 19 at room temperature by surface-modifying the templated silica membrane with the TEOS-EtOH solution.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by grant No. R01-1999-000-00198-0 from the Basic Research Program of the Korea Science & Engineering Foundation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Process Chemistry and Technology
- Filtration and Separation