We have developed a conductive ink containing silver nanoparticles from which the electrodes for organic thin film transistor were directly patterned by ink-jet printing. Nano-sized silver particles having ∼ 20 nm diameter was used for a direct metal printing. Silver conductive ink was printed on the heavily doped n-type silicon wafer with 200-nm thick thermal SiO2 layer as a substrate. To achieve a high line resolution and smooth conductive path, the printing conditions such as the inter-drop distance, stage moving velocity and temperature of the pre-heated substrates were optimized. After the heat-treatment at temperatures of 200 °C for 30 min, the printed silver patterns exhibit metal-like appearance and the conductivity. To fabricate a coplanar type TFTs, an active material of semiconducting oligomer, α,ω-dihexylquaterthiophene (DH4T) in a chlorobenzene was deposited between the ink-jet printed silver electrodes by drop casting. The OTFT with the ink-jetted source/drain electrodes shows general performance characteristics with good saturation behavior and no significant contact resistance as compared to the one with vacuum deposited electrodes. The electrical characteristic parameters of OTFT show the mobility of 1.3 × 10- 3 cm2 V- 1 s- 1 in the saturation regime, on/off current ratio over 103, and threshold voltage of about - 13 V.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Laboratory (NRL) Program and grant No. (R01-2005-000-11036-0) of the Korea Science and Engineering Foundation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Metals and Alloys
- Materials Chemistry