Polymer nanofiber-based piezoelectric composites have been actively investigated as ideal energy generators for low-power-consuming electronic devices. Herein, we introduce a core–shell nanofiber-based piezoelectric energy harvester consisting of poly (vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene (P(VDF-TrFE)) as a piezoelectric shell and poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) polystyrene sulfonate (PEDOT:PSS) as a conductive core, which was optimized primarily by adjusting the relative shell thickness. The thinnest shell layer exhibited the best output performance, i.e., ~8.76 V and ~547 nA, which correspond to the 10-fold and 5-fold increases relative to the reference values for only P(VDF-TrFE) nanofibers. Almost doubled performance of ~13.2 V and ~950 nA was further achieved by connecting two harvesters in series and parallel, respectively. Origin of the harvesting enhancements was believed to be associated with extra space-charge polarization and the content of β-phase. The core-shell devices were also successfully demonstrated as tactile sensors to electrically detect various body motions.
|Journal||Composites Part B: Engineering|
|Publication status||Published - 2021 Oct 15|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was financially supported by grants from the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF- 2016M3A7B4910151 and NRF- 2020M3D1A2102913 ).
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ceramics and Composites
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering