Osseointegration of Implants Surface-Treated with Various Diameters of TiONanotubes in Rabbit

Cheul Goo Kang, Young Bum Park, Hyunmin Choi, Seunghan Oh, Keun Woo Lee, Seong Ho Choi, June Sung Shim

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the osseointegration of implants which were surface-treated with various diameters of TiOnanotubes (30 nm, 70 nm, and 100 nm) in rabbit. Resorbable blast media (RBM) surfaced implants (Osstem, Busan, Korea) 3.5 mm in diameter and 8.5 mm in length were designated as the control group and the implants surface-treated with various diameters of nanotubes (30 nm, 70 nm, and 100 nm) with the same shapes were designated as the experimental groups. The implants were maintained unloaded for 4 and 12 weeks. After this period, the animals were sacrificed and micro-CT analysis, histomorphometric analysis (bone to implant contact (BIC), bone volume (BV)), and removal torque test were performed. Micro-CT analysis, histomorphometric analysis, and removal torque test results all showed the similar pattern, showing that 70 nm experimental group had the highest value at 4 weeks while 30 nm experimental group had the highest value at 12 weeks. Therefore, on the basis of the results above, it can be concluded that 30 nm and 70 nm TiOnanotubes may have positive effects on osteogenesis and osseointegration depending on the healing time.

Original languageEnglish
Article number634650
JournalJournal of Nanomaterials
Volume2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)

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