Osteocytic sclerostin expression in alveolar bone in rats with diabetes mellitus and ligature-induced periodontitis

Ji Hye Kim, Dong Eun Lee, Gye Hyeong Woo, JeongHeon Cha, Eun Jung Bak, Yun Jung Yoo

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Abstract

Background: Osteocytic sclerostin inhibits bone formation, and its expression is stimulated by tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α. This study investigates sclerostin and TNF-α expression in rats with diabetes mellitus (DM) and periodontitis. Methods: Rats were divided into control (C), periodontitis (P), and DM + periodontitis (DP) groups. After induction of DM by streptozotocin, periodontitis was induced by ligature. At day 0 (control) and at days 3 and 20 after induction of periodontitis, alveolar bone, osteoclasts, osteoid area, and TNF-α and sclerostin expression were evaluated. Results: The distance between the cemento-enamel junction and the alveolar bone crest of the DP group was longer than that of the P group at day 20 after induction of periodontitis, but the number of osteoclasts was not different. Osteoid area decreased in both the P and DP groups by day 3, but whereas sustained osteoid suppression was observed in the DP group at day 20, osteoid formation was increased in the P group. The number of sclerostin-positive osteocytes increased in both groups at day 3, but the increased number of sclerostin-positive osteocytes was maintained only in the DP group through day 20. The number of TNF-α-positive cells increased more in the DP group than in the P group. Conclusions: Enhanced alveolar bone loss, suppressed bone formation, and prevalent TNF-a expression were characteristic of the DP group compared with the P group. Suppressed bone formation in the DP group was observed simultaneously with increased sclerostin and TNF-α expression. These results suggest that upregulated osteocytic sclerostin expression in periodontitis accompanied by DM may play a role in suppressed bone formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1005-1011
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Periodontology
Volume86
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Aug 1

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Periodontitis
Ligation
Diabetes Mellitus
Bone and Bones
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Osteogenesis
Osteocytes
Osteoclasts
Alveolar Bone Loss
Dental Enamel
Streptozocin

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Periodontics

Cite this

Kim, Ji Hye ; Lee, Dong Eun ; Woo, Gye Hyeong ; Cha, JeongHeon ; Bak, Eun Jung ; Yoo, Yun Jung. / Osteocytic sclerostin expression in alveolar bone in rats with diabetes mellitus and ligature-induced periodontitis. In: Journal of Periodontology. 2015 ; Vol. 86, No. 8. pp. 1005-1011.
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abstract = "Background: Osteocytic sclerostin inhibits bone formation, and its expression is stimulated by tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α. This study investigates sclerostin and TNF-α expression in rats with diabetes mellitus (DM) and periodontitis. Methods: Rats were divided into control (C), periodontitis (P), and DM + periodontitis (DP) groups. After induction of DM by streptozotocin, periodontitis was induced by ligature. At day 0 (control) and at days 3 and 20 after induction of periodontitis, alveolar bone, osteoclasts, osteoid area, and TNF-α and sclerostin expression were evaluated. Results: The distance between the cemento-enamel junction and the alveolar bone crest of the DP group was longer than that of the P group at day 20 after induction of periodontitis, but the number of osteoclasts was not different. Osteoid area decreased in both the P and DP groups by day 3, but whereas sustained osteoid suppression was observed in the DP group at day 20, osteoid formation was increased in the P group. The number of sclerostin-positive osteocytes increased in both groups at day 3, but the increased number of sclerostin-positive osteocytes was maintained only in the DP group through day 20. The number of TNF-α-positive cells increased more in the DP group than in the P group. Conclusions: Enhanced alveolar bone loss, suppressed bone formation, and prevalent TNF-a expression were characteristic of the DP group compared with the P group. Suppressed bone formation in the DP group was observed simultaneously with increased sclerostin and TNF-α expression. These results suggest that upregulated osteocytic sclerostin expression in periodontitis accompanied by DM may play a role in suppressed bone formation.",
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Osteocytic sclerostin expression in alveolar bone in rats with diabetes mellitus and ligature-induced periodontitis. / Kim, Ji Hye; Lee, Dong Eun; Woo, Gye Hyeong; Cha, JeongHeon; Bak, Eun Jung; Yoo, Yun Jung.

In: Journal of Periodontology, Vol. 86, No. 8, 01.08.2015, p. 1005-1011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Osteocytic sclerostin expression in alveolar bone in rats with diabetes mellitus and ligature-induced periodontitis

AU - Kim, Ji Hye

AU - Lee, Dong Eun

AU - Woo, Gye Hyeong

AU - Cha, JeongHeon

AU - Bak, Eun Jung

AU - Yoo, Yun Jung

PY - 2015/8/1

Y1 - 2015/8/1

N2 - Background: Osteocytic sclerostin inhibits bone formation, and its expression is stimulated by tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α. This study investigates sclerostin and TNF-α expression in rats with diabetes mellitus (DM) and periodontitis. Methods: Rats were divided into control (C), periodontitis (P), and DM + periodontitis (DP) groups. After induction of DM by streptozotocin, periodontitis was induced by ligature. At day 0 (control) and at days 3 and 20 after induction of periodontitis, alveolar bone, osteoclasts, osteoid area, and TNF-α and sclerostin expression were evaluated. Results: The distance between the cemento-enamel junction and the alveolar bone crest of the DP group was longer than that of the P group at day 20 after induction of periodontitis, but the number of osteoclasts was not different. Osteoid area decreased in both the P and DP groups by day 3, but whereas sustained osteoid suppression was observed in the DP group at day 20, osteoid formation was increased in the P group. The number of sclerostin-positive osteocytes increased in both groups at day 3, but the increased number of sclerostin-positive osteocytes was maintained only in the DP group through day 20. The number of TNF-α-positive cells increased more in the DP group than in the P group. Conclusions: Enhanced alveolar bone loss, suppressed bone formation, and prevalent TNF-a expression were characteristic of the DP group compared with the P group. Suppressed bone formation in the DP group was observed simultaneously with increased sclerostin and TNF-α expression. These results suggest that upregulated osteocytic sclerostin expression in periodontitis accompanied by DM may play a role in suppressed bone formation.

AB - Background: Osteocytic sclerostin inhibits bone formation, and its expression is stimulated by tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α. This study investigates sclerostin and TNF-α expression in rats with diabetes mellitus (DM) and periodontitis. Methods: Rats were divided into control (C), periodontitis (P), and DM + periodontitis (DP) groups. After induction of DM by streptozotocin, periodontitis was induced by ligature. At day 0 (control) and at days 3 and 20 after induction of periodontitis, alveolar bone, osteoclasts, osteoid area, and TNF-α and sclerostin expression were evaluated. Results: The distance between the cemento-enamel junction and the alveolar bone crest of the DP group was longer than that of the P group at day 20 after induction of periodontitis, but the number of osteoclasts was not different. Osteoid area decreased in both the P and DP groups by day 3, but whereas sustained osteoid suppression was observed in the DP group at day 20, osteoid formation was increased in the P group. The number of sclerostin-positive osteocytes increased in both groups at day 3, but the increased number of sclerostin-positive osteocytes was maintained only in the DP group through day 20. The number of TNF-α-positive cells increased more in the DP group than in the P group. Conclusions: Enhanced alveolar bone loss, suppressed bone formation, and prevalent TNF-a expression were characteristic of the DP group compared with the P group. Suppressed bone formation in the DP group was observed simultaneously with increased sclerostin and TNF-α expression. These results suggest that upregulated osteocytic sclerostin expression in periodontitis accompanied by DM may play a role in suppressed bone formation.

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