It is assumed that a persistent high level of parathyroid hormone (PTH) might have a relation with bone malignancy. However, there has been no report of osteosarcoma associated with pseudohypoparathyroidism type 1b (PHP1b), which is accompanied by high PTH. PHP1b is the result of resistance to PTH in certain end-organ tissues, especially the kidney; the response in bone is unaffected because it normally expresses stimulatory G protein equally from both parental alleles. A 21-year-old male, presenting with gum swelling at the right mandible, was referred to a dental clinic. A curative surgical resection by segmental mandibulectomy was performed and the pathologic findings of the mass were consistent with osteoblastic osteosarcoma. His laboratory results showed a low calcium level despite high PTH, and he did not have any features of Albright hereditary osteodystrophy; therefore, PHP1b was suspected. Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification and microsatellite marker analyses of chromosome 20 confirmed the diagnosis and identified paternal uniparental disomy of chromosome 20q (patUPD20). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of osteosarcoma in a patient with PHP1b due to patUPD20.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine