Out-of-plane piezoresponse of monolayer MoS2 on plastic substrates enabled by highly uniform and layer-controllable CVD

Jeongdae Seo, Youngjun Kim, Woon Yong Park, Jong Yeog Son, Chang Kyu Jeong, Hyungjun Kim, Woo Hee Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two-dimensional (2D) layered materials have unique electromechanical properties in contrast to their bulk counterparts. In particular, the out-of-plane piezoresponse of 2D layered materials is still veiled according to their properties and mechanisms, whereas the in-plane piezoelectricity has been well confirmed. Herein, a large-area MoS2 monolayer was deposited on a SiO2/Si substrate by chemical vapor deposition, and subsequently, it was transferred to a flexible plastic substrate. The number of MoS2 layers (1L, 2L, and 3L) was controlled by the synthesis time (10, 20, and 30 min). The layer number of MoS2 was confirmed using Raman and photoluminescence spectra. To focus on the piezoelectric property of the 2D material, we observed the surface morphology of the MoS2 monolayer consisting of both large-corrugated and small-corrugated regions using atomic force microscopic characterization. Piezoresponse force microscopic measurements revealed that the out-of-plane surface charge distribution of the MoS2 monolayer was attributed to the corrugation of the MoS2 layer. Further, the local piezoresponse of the MoS2 showed that the out-of-plane piezoelectricity can be invoked by flexoelectric effects. This study shows the possibilities of controlling the synthesis and piezoelectricity of large-area 2D materials for piezoelectric applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1356-1361
Number of pages6
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume487
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Sep 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of South Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Korea (No. 2018R1A6A3A11045896) and a National Research Foundation of South Korea (NRF) grant funded by the South Korean Government (MSIP) (No. NRF-2017R1C1B5076821). This work was supported under the framework of international cooperation program managed by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2018K2A9A1A01090484). This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) (No. NRF-2019R1C1C1002571). This research is supported by ‘Rediscovery of the Past R&D Result’ through the Ministry of Trade of South Korea, Industry and Energy (MOTIE) and the South Korea Institute for Advancement of Technology (KIAT) (Grant No.: P0004074).

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of South Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Korea (No. 2018R1A6A3A11045896 ) and a National Research Foundation of South Korea (NRF) grant funded by the South Korean Government ( MSIP ) (No. NRF-2017R1C1B5076821 ). This work was supported under the framework of international cooperation program managed by the National Research Foundation of Korea ( NRF-2018K2A9A1A01090484 ). This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government ( MSIT ) (No. NRF-2019R1C1C1002571 ). This research is supported by ‘Rediscovery of the Past R&D Result’ through the Ministry of Trade of South Korea, Industry and Energy ( MOTIE ) and the South Korea Institute for Advancement of Technology ( KIAT ) (Grant No.: P0004074 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier B.V.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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