Objective The comparative long-term clinical outcomes between patients with prediabetes and diabetes in patients with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and multivessel disease (MVD) who were undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are not well known. We therefore compared the 2-year clinical outcomes in such patients. Methods A total of 2963 patients with NSTEMI and MVD [normoglycemia (group A, n = 629), prediabetes (group B, n = 802), and diabetes (group C, n = 1532)] were evaluated. The primary outcomes were the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) defined as all-cause death, recurrent myocardial infarction (Re-MI), and any repeat revascularization. The secondary outcome was stent thrombosis. Results The cumulative incidence of MACE as well as for death or MI in group B and C were similar when compared to each other. However, they (P = 0.048 and P = 0.017, respectively and P = 0.022 and P = 0.001, respectively) were significantly higher than in group A. The cumulative incidence of all-cause death in group B (P = 0.042) and all-cause death and cardiac death in group C (P = 0.001 and P = 0.028, respectively) were significantly higher than in group A. However, those of all-cause death, cardiac death, Re-MI, any repeat revascularization, and ST were not significantly different between groups B and C. Conclusion In this study, patients with NSTEMI and MVD who underwent successful implantation of newer-generation DES and were prediabetic had worse outcomes compared to normoglycemics and comparable to those with diabetes.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2021 Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. All rights reserved.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine