Background: The acute palliative care unit (APCU) bridges between active cancer treatment and hospice care. However, no study has proven the efficacy of APCU in Korea. Objective: To evaluate the first-year outcomes of the patients admitted to an APCU at a tertiary hospital in Korea. Design: The APCU admitted 205 patients between April 14, 2014, and April 30, 2015. Of these patients, 57 were evaluable for baseline and one-week follow-up Edmonton Symptom Assessment System (ESAS). Results: Of the 57 participants, 56.1% were male, with a median age of 60 years (range, 52.8-69.5 years). All patients had advanced cancer, and 42 out of 57 had terminal illnesses. The median APCU stay was 14 days (range, 10-17 days). The 42 (73.7%) patients were referred to the APCU after anticancer treatment was completed. Ten (17.5%) patients died during their stay, and 20 (35.1%) were discharged home. Among those who completed the ESAS, there were significant improvements in scores in the following symptoms: fatigue, depression, loss of appetite, and shortness of breath. Physical symptoms (pain, fatigue, nausea, drowsiness, appetite, and shortness of breath) and the total ESAS scores were significantly improved (p = 0.002 and p = 0.005, respectively). Each non-medical palliative care program, such as art and music therapy, yoga, foot massage, haircut, and body care, showed no significant differences between the group who received them and those who did not. Conclusion: During the APCU stay, the overall symptoms of inpatients were reduced. A comprehensive and multidisciplinary team approach is essential for patients who need palliative care.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Palliative Medicine Reports|
|Publication status||Published - 2023 Jan 1|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
J.H.K. has received research funding from the National Research Foundation of Korea with grant no. 2019R1F1A106177913, National Cancer Center with grant no. HA21C0048000021, Chungnam National University with grant no. 2021-0600-01, HK inno.N Corp., and Boryung Pharmaceutical.
© Si Won Lee et al., 2022; Published by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2022.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
- Advanced and Specialised Nursing
- Health(social science)