Purpose: to evaluate the outcomes and role of epilepsy surgery in children with intractable epileptic encephalopathy (EE). Methods: ninety-five children (64 boys, 31 girls) with intractable EE were treated by epilepsy surgery at Severance Children's Hospital from 2003 to 2008. Surgical treatments included lobar resection, hemispherotomy and corpus callosotomy (CC). Seventy-six children were Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS), and 19 had West syndrome. Results: of the 76 patients with LGS, CC was performed in 37 patients (48.7%), lobar resection in 29 (38.2%) and hemispherotomy in 10 (13.2%). Of the 19 patients with West syndrome, respective surgery was performed in 15 patients (78.9%) and CC in 4 (21.1%). Of the patients receiving respective surgery, Engel's class I outcomes were achieved for 24 of 39 (61.5%) of LGS patients, and for 9 of 15 (60.0%) of West syndrome. Malformations of cortical development were commonly observed, appearing in 73.5% (36/49). In neuropsychiatric tests, 19 of 27 with LGS demonstrated improvement in postoperative cognitive function. More significant intellectual improvement correlated well with shorter epilepsy duration, good seizure outcomes, and decreased number of antiepileptic drugs. Conclusions: epilepsy surgery should be considered in treating childhood intractable EE with expectation of improvement of both seizure and cognitive outcomes, even in cases of LGS.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Developmental Neuroscience
- Clinical Neurology