Objective This study investigated the outcomes of single-stent vs kissing-stents techniques in asymmetric complex aortoiliac bifurcation (ACAB) lesions. Methods We retrospectively investigated 80 consecutive patients (69 males, 66.6 ± 8.7 years) treated with a single stent and 30 patients (26 males, 67.1 ± 7.7 years) treated with kissing stents for ACAB between January 2005 and December 2012 from a single-center cohort. A ACAB lesion was defined as a symptomatic unilateral common iliac artery stenosis (>50%) combined with intermediate stenosis (30%-50%) in the contralateral common iliac artery ostium. The primary end point was the primary patency of the ACAB. Results The baseline clinical characteristics did not differ significantly between the single-stent and the kissing-stents group. Technical success was achieved in all patients. The single-stent group required fewer stents (1.3 ± 0.5 vs 2.3 ± 0.8; P <.001) and less bilateral femoral access (55% vs 100%; P <.001). Two patients in the single-stent group (3%) required bailout kissing stents because of plaque shift to the contralateral side. The major complication rates were 8% in single-stent vs 13% in the kissing-stent group, which was similar (P =.399). At 3 years, the single-stent and kissing-stents group had similar rates of primary patency (89% vs 87%; P =.916) and target lesion revascularization-free survival (93% vs 87%; P =.462). Conclusions The single-stent technique in ACAB was safe and showed midterm outcomes comparable with those of kissing stents. Considering the benefits, such as fewer stents, less bilateral femoral access, and the availability of contralateral access for future intervention, the single-stent technique may be an advantageous treatment option in ACAB.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study received financial support from the Healthcare Technology R&D Project , Ministry for Health, Welfare & Family Affairs, Republic of Korea (No. A085012 , A102064 , and A110879 ), the Korea Health 21 R&D Project , Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea (No. A085136 ), and the Cardiovascular Research Center , Seoul, Korea.
© 2015 Society for Vascular Surgery.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine