Over-expression of phospholipase D (PLD) 1 or PLD2 down-regulated CKII activity in NIH3T3 cells. The same results were found with catalytically inactive mutants of PLD isozymes, indicating that the catalytic activity of PLD is not required for PLD-mediated CKII inhibition. Consistent with this, 1-butanol did not alter CKII activity. The reduction in CKII activity in PLD-over-expressing NIH3T3 cells was due to reduced protein level, but not mRNA level, of the CKIIβ subunit. This PLD-induced CKIIβ degradation was mediated by ubiquitin-proteasome machinery, but MAP kinase and mTOR were not involved in CKIIβ degradation. PLD isozymes interacted with the CKIIβ subunit. Immunocyto-chemical staining revealed that PLD and CKIIβ colocalize in the cytoplasm of NIH3T3 cells, especially in the perinuclear region. PLD binding to CKIIβ inhibited CKIIβ autophosphory-lation, which is known to be important for CKIIβ stability. In summary, the current data indicate that PLD isozymes can down-regulate CKII activity through the acceleration of CKIIβ degradation by ubiquitin-proteasome machinery.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Korea Research Foundation Grant funded by the Korean Government (Ministry of Education and Human Resources Department) (KRF-2006-521-C00137) and by grant No. R01-2002-000-00262-0 (2002) from the Basic Research Program of the Korea Science and Engineering Foundation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology