An MN9D dopaminergic neuronal cell line overexpressing calbindin-D28K (MN9D/Calbindin) was established in order to investigate directly the potential role of calcium-binding protein in neuronal differentiation. Overexpression of calbindin-D28K in MN9D cells resulted in significant increases in the number of neurites, the length of primary neurites, and the total extent of neurites. This robust neurite outgrowth occurred without cessation of cell division. Analysis of immunoblots revealed that this morphological differentiation was accompanied by increased expression of such markers of maturation as the synaptosomal protein SNAP-25. During calbindin-D28K-evoked neurite outgrowth in MN9D cells, phosphorylation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) dramatically increased while the levels and extent of phosphorylation of such other MAPKs as c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) or extracellular response kinase (ERK) were not altered. Consequently, calbindin-D28K-induced neurite outgrowth was largely abolished by treatment with a p38 inhibitor, PD 169316, while the level of SNAP-25 in MNgD/Calbindin cells was not altered by this treatment. These data support an idea that calbindin-D28K and its associated p38 signaling pathway play a role in dopaminergic neuronal differentiation.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 2001 Sep 28|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology