Four different β-Si3N4 ceramics with silicon oxynitrides [Y10(SiO4)6N2, Yb4Si2N2O7, Er2Si3N4O3, and La10(SiO4)6N2, respectively] as secondary phases have been fabricated by hot-pressing the Si3N4-Re4Si2N2O 7 (Re=Y, Yb, Er, and La) compositions at 1820°C for 2 h under a pressure of 25 MPa. The oxidation behavior of the hot-pressed ceramics was characterized and compared with that of the ceramics fabricated from Si3N4-Re2Si2O7 compositions. All Si3N4 ceramics investigated herein showed a parabolic weight gain with oxidation time at 1400°C and the oxidation products of the ceramics were SiO2 and Re2Si2O7. The Si3N4-Re4Si2N2O 7 compositions showed inferior oxidation resistance to those from Si3N4-Re2Si2O7 compositions, owing to the incompatibility of the secondary phases of those ceramics with SiO2, the oxidation product of Si3N4. Si3N4 ceramics from a Si3N4-Er4Si2N2O 7 composition showed the best oxidation resistance of 0·198 mg cm-2 after oxidation at 1400°C for 192 h in air among the compositions investigated herein.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ceramics and Composites
- Materials Chemistry