Oxidation behavior of liquid-phase sintered silicon carbide with aluminum nitride and rare-earth oxides (Re2O3, where Re = Y, Er, Yb)

Heon Jin Choi, June Gunn Lee, Young Wook Kim

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Abstract

Silicon carbide (SiC) ceramics have been fabricated by hotpressing and subsequent annealing under pressure with aluminum nitride (AlN) and rare-earth oxides (Y2O3, Er2O3, and Yb2O3) as sintering additives. The oxidation behavior of the SiC ceramics in air was characterized and compared with that of the SiC ceramics with yttrium-aluminum-garnet (YAG) and Al2O3-Y2O3-CaO (AYC). All SiC ceramics investigated herein showed a parabolic weight gain with oxidation time at 1400°C. The SiC ceramics sintered with AlN and rare-earth oxides showed superior oxidation resistance to those with YAG and Al2O3-Y2O3-CaO. SiC ceramics with AlN and Yb2O3 showed the best oxidation resistance of 0.4748 mg/cm2 after oxidation at 1400°C for 192 h. The minimization of aluminum in the sintering additives was postulated as the prime factor contributing to the superior oxidation resistance of the resulting ceramics. A small cationic radius of rare-earth oxides, dissolution of nitrogen to the intergranular glassy film, and formation of disilicate crystalline phase as an oxidation product could also contribute to the superior oxidation resistance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2281-2286
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume85
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Sep

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

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