P25/PVC-g-POEM mixed matrix membranes with simultaneously improved permeability and selectivity for CO2/N2 separation

Sang Jin Kim, Harim Jeon, Dong Jun Kim, Jong Hak Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Conventional gas separation membranes have a trade-off relation between permeability and selectivity. Here, we report simultaneously improved permeability and selectivity through a mixed matrix membrane (MMM) consisting of P25 and amphiphilic graft copolymer. A graft copolymer composed of poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) and poly(oxyeth-ylene methacrylate) (POEM) as the backbone and side chains, respectively, was synthesized. The glass transition temperature (Tg) of PVC-g-POEM decreased upon addition of P25, indicating a decrease in chain rigidity. The crystalline structure, d-spacing, morphology and thermal properties of membranes were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Compared to pristine PVC-g-POEM, the CO2 permeability through P25/PVC-g-POEM MMM increased by 122% from 46.2 to 102.8 Barrer, while the CO2/N2 selectivity increased by 32% from 29.6 to 39.1. The increased CO2 permeability mostly resulted from increased diffusivity, while the increased selectivity was attributed to decreased solubility of N2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)238-244
Number of pages7
JournalPolymer (Korea)
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Mar 1

Fingerprint

Methacrylates
Polyvinyl Chloride
Polyvinyl chlorides
Membranes
Graft copolymers
Vinyl Chloride
X ray scattering
Rigidity
Thermogravimetric analysis
Thermodynamic properties
Solubility
Gases
Crystalline materials
X ray diffraction
Scanning electron microscopy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "Conventional gas separation membranes have a trade-off relation between permeability and selectivity. Here, we report simultaneously improved permeability and selectivity through a mixed matrix membrane (MMM) consisting of P25 and amphiphilic graft copolymer. A graft copolymer composed of poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) and poly(oxyeth-ylene methacrylate) (POEM) as the backbone and side chains, respectively, was synthesized. The glass transition temperature (Tg) of PVC-g-POEM decreased upon addition of P25, indicating a decrease in chain rigidity. The crystalline structure, d-spacing, morphology and thermal properties of membranes were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Compared to pristine PVC-g-POEM, the CO2 permeability through P25/PVC-g-POEM MMM increased by 122{\%} from 46.2 to 102.8 Barrer, while the CO2/N2 selectivity increased by 32{\%} from 29.6 to 39.1. The increased CO2 permeability mostly resulted from increased diffusivity, while the increased selectivity was attributed to decreased solubility of N2.",
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P25/PVC-g-POEM mixed matrix membranes with simultaneously improved permeability and selectivity for CO2/N2 separation. / Kim, Sang Jin; Jeon, Harim; Kim, Dong Jun; Kim, Jong Hak.

In: Polymer (Korea), Vol. 40, No. 2, 01.03.2016, p. 238-244.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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