Pain palliation in patients with bone metastases using magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound with conformal bone system: A preliminary report

Bio Joo, Mi Suk Park, Soo Hyeon Lee, Hye Jin Choi, Seung Tack Lim, Sun Young Rha, Itay Rachmilevitch, Young Han Lee, Jin Suck Suh

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Abstract

Purpose: We evaluated the safety and effectiveness of the Magnetic Resonance-guided Focused Ultrasound (MRgFUS) with the ExAblate Conformal Bone System for the palliation of painful bone metastases. Materials and Methods: Our Institutional Review Board approved this study, and all patients gave informed consent prior to enrollment. A total of six painful metastatic bone lesions in five patients were treated using MRgFUS with the ExAblate Conformal Bone System for pain palliation. The follow-up sessions were at 3 days, 2 weeks, 1, 2, and 3 months, and 1 year after treatment. Efficacy was evaluated by the changes in visual analog scale (VAS) scores. At 3-months and 1-year follow-ups, unenhanced computed tomography and contrast-enhanced MR imaging examinations were performed. All adverse events were assessed to evaluate treatment safety. Results: All patients showed significant pain relief within 2 weeks. Two patients experienced complete pain reduction that lasted for 1 year. Two other patients showed pain relief measured as VAS scores of 2 and 4 on their last follow-up. Although the remaining patient had experienced significant pain relief in two lesions, the VAS score re-increased on his last follow-up. The size of the enhancing soft tissue mass in metastatic lesions decreased, and new bone formation was seen on follow-up images. Although adverse events were not serious, non-specific leg pain and second degree skin burn were noted. Conclusion: MRgFUS was demonstrated to be effective palliative treatment within 2 weeks in selected patients with painful bone metastases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)503-509
Number of pages7
JournalYonsei medical journal
Volume56
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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