Paleopathological study of dwarfism-related skeletal dysplasia in a Late Joseon Dynasty (South Korean)

Eun Jin Woo, Won Joon Lee, Kyung Seok Hu, Jae Joon Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Skeletal dysplasias related to genetic etiologies have rarely been reported for past populations. This report presents the skeletal characteristics of an individual with dwarfism-related skeletal dysplasia from South Korea. To assess abnormal deformities, morphological features, metric data, and computed tomography scans are analyzed. Differential diagnoses include achondroplasia or hypochondroplasia, chondrodysplasia, multiple epiphyseal dysplasia, thalassemia-related hemolytic anemia, and lysosomal storage disease. The diffused deformities in the upper-limb bones and several coarsened features of the craniofacial bones indicate the most likely diagnosis to have been a certain type of lysosomal storage disease. The skeletal remains of EP-III-4-No.107 from the Eunpyeong site, although incomplete and fragmented, provide important clues to the paleopathological diagnosis of skeletal dysplasias.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0140901
JournalPloS one
Volume10
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Oct 21

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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