Background: Many studies have investigated the association between Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and vaccinations during the influenza A H1N1 pandemic of 2009 (pH1N1). Based on a nationally representative sample, we estimated the incidence of GBS during the pandemic period in Korea. Materials and methods: All medical records of GBS cases were reviewed in 28 randomly selected hospitals during 2008-2010, and the number of GBS cases at the national level was extrapolated using emergency care utilization data. The GBS rate per 100,000 person-years was estimated in the reference and pandemic periods. Results: The incidence of GBS was 0.63 (95% CI: 0.37-0.89) per 100,000 person-years in the reference period and 0.87 (0.49-1.26) in the pandemic period. During the vaccination season, the pandemic period GBS incidence rate was not significantly higher than the reference period incidence rate (rate ratio: 1.52; 0.99-2.32), but difference was observed among persons aged 20-34 years. Rate of GBS increased after pH1N1 vaccination compared to the reference period (1.46, 1.26-1.68). Discussion: The incidence of GBS increased slightly but not significantly during the pandemic period, although pH1N1 vaccination increased the GBS rate. Therefore, mass influenza vaccination programs should not be precluded on the basis of GBS.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was funded by Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC) and supported by the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA). We thank all colleagues who contributed to this study.
© 2015 Elsevier Ltd.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Infectious Diseases