Paradoxical Radiographic Changes of Coflex Interspinous Device with Minimum 2-Year Follow-Up in Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

Nam Lee, Dong Ah Shin, Keung Nyun Kim, Do Heum Yoon, Yoon Ha, Hyun Chul Shin, Seong Yi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: Studies have yet to investigate long-term radiologic changes in lumbar spinal stenosis patients treated with interspinous device (Coflex). This study aimed to evaluate which radiologic parameters change significantly after surgery with Coflex and identify which parameter most affects the radiologic outcome. Methods: Of 101 patients with lumbar spinal stenosis treated by Coflex insertion on L4-5, the radiologic parameters of 30 patients were measured before and at least 2 years after surgery. On the basis of the development of bony erosion around Coflex, patients were divided into the erosion group (n = 14) or the nonerosion group (n = 16). Results: The mean anterior disc height (ADH) and range of motion (ROM) were significantly decreased after surgery (15.161 mm vs. 13.788 mm and 9.63° vs. 7.13°). The erosion group showed substantially higher values in preoperative ADH, postoperative posterior disc height (PDH), and intervertebral foramen height (6.52 mm vs. 8.05 mm; 5.80 mm vs. 8.03 mm; 19.20 mm vs. 21.06 mm). Postoperative ROM and ROM ratio were higher in the erosion group (5.95° vs. 8.47° and 0.659 vs. 0.938). However, only ADH showed a significant change in the erosion group after surgery (15.86 mm vs. 14.29 mm). On the contrary, ADH and PDH, as well as ROM, were significantly decreased in the nonerosion group (14.55 mm vs. 13.34 mm; 6.52 mm vs. 5.82 mm; 9.46° vs. 5.95°). Conclusion: The preoperative state including relatively higher ADH, PDH, and larger ROM could induce erosion. The long-term preservation of disc height and ROM may also induce erosion. That reduction of most radiologic parameters seems to be natural after surgery, and insufficient reduction of disc height and ROM may induce adverse effects, which can increase the possibility of spinous process fracture or device malposition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-184
Number of pages8
JournalWorld Neurosurgery
Volume85
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1

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Spinal Stenosis
Articular Range of Motion
Equipment and Supplies
Intervertebral Disc

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Lee, Nam ; Shin, Dong Ah ; Kim, Keung Nyun ; Yoon, Do Heum ; Ha, Yoon ; Shin, Hyun Chul ; Yi, Seong. / Paradoxical Radiographic Changes of Coflex Interspinous Device with Minimum 2-Year Follow-Up in Lumbar Spinal Stenosis. In: World Neurosurgery. 2016 ; Vol. 85. pp. 177-184.
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title = "Paradoxical Radiographic Changes of Coflex Interspinous Device with Minimum 2-Year Follow-Up in Lumbar Spinal Stenosis",
abstract = "Objectives: Studies have yet to investigate long-term radiologic changes in lumbar spinal stenosis patients treated with interspinous device (Coflex). This study aimed to evaluate which radiologic parameters change significantly after surgery with Coflex and identify which parameter most affects the radiologic outcome. Methods: Of 101 patients with lumbar spinal stenosis treated by Coflex insertion on L4-5, the radiologic parameters of 30 patients were measured before and at least 2 years after surgery. On the basis of the development of bony erosion around Coflex, patients were divided into the erosion group (n = 14) or the nonerosion group (n = 16). Results: The mean anterior disc height (ADH) and range of motion (ROM) were significantly decreased after surgery (15.161 mm vs. 13.788 mm and 9.63° vs. 7.13°). The erosion group showed substantially higher values in preoperative ADH, postoperative posterior disc height (PDH), and intervertebral foramen height (6.52 mm vs. 8.05 mm; 5.80 mm vs. 8.03 mm; 19.20 mm vs. 21.06 mm). Postoperative ROM and ROM ratio were higher in the erosion group (5.95° vs. 8.47° and 0.659 vs. 0.938). However, only ADH showed a significant change in the erosion group after surgery (15.86 mm vs. 14.29 mm). On the contrary, ADH and PDH, as well as ROM, were significantly decreased in the nonerosion group (14.55 mm vs. 13.34 mm; 6.52 mm vs. 5.82 mm; 9.46° vs. 5.95°). Conclusion: The preoperative state including relatively higher ADH, PDH, and larger ROM could induce erosion. The long-term preservation of disc height and ROM may also induce erosion. That reduction of most radiologic parameters seems to be natural after surgery, and insufficient reduction of disc height and ROM may induce adverse effects, which can increase the possibility of spinous process fracture or device malposition.",
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Paradoxical Radiographic Changes of Coflex Interspinous Device with Minimum 2-Year Follow-Up in Lumbar Spinal Stenosis. / Lee, Nam; Shin, Dong Ah; Kim, Keung Nyun; Yoon, Do Heum; Ha, Yoon; Shin, Hyun Chul; Yi, Seong.

In: World Neurosurgery, Vol. 85, 01.01.2016, p. 177-184.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Paradoxical Radiographic Changes of Coflex Interspinous Device with Minimum 2-Year Follow-Up in Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

AU - Lee, Nam

AU - Shin, Dong Ah

AU - Kim, Keung Nyun

AU - Yoon, Do Heum

AU - Ha, Yoon

AU - Shin, Hyun Chul

AU - Yi, Seong

PY - 2016/1/1

Y1 - 2016/1/1

N2 - Objectives: Studies have yet to investigate long-term radiologic changes in lumbar spinal stenosis patients treated with interspinous device (Coflex). This study aimed to evaluate which radiologic parameters change significantly after surgery with Coflex and identify which parameter most affects the radiologic outcome. Methods: Of 101 patients with lumbar spinal stenosis treated by Coflex insertion on L4-5, the radiologic parameters of 30 patients were measured before and at least 2 years after surgery. On the basis of the development of bony erosion around Coflex, patients were divided into the erosion group (n = 14) or the nonerosion group (n = 16). Results: The mean anterior disc height (ADH) and range of motion (ROM) were significantly decreased after surgery (15.161 mm vs. 13.788 mm and 9.63° vs. 7.13°). The erosion group showed substantially higher values in preoperative ADH, postoperative posterior disc height (PDH), and intervertebral foramen height (6.52 mm vs. 8.05 mm; 5.80 mm vs. 8.03 mm; 19.20 mm vs. 21.06 mm). Postoperative ROM and ROM ratio were higher in the erosion group (5.95° vs. 8.47° and 0.659 vs. 0.938). However, only ADH showed a significant change in the erosion group after surgery (15.86 mm vs. 14.29 mm). On the contrary, ADH and PDH, as well as ROM, were significantly decreased in the nonerosion group (14.55 mm vs. 13.34 mm; 6.52 mm vs. 5.82 mm; 9.46° vs. 5.95°). Conclusion: The preoperative state including relatively higher ADH, PDH, and larger ROM could induce erosion. The long-term preservation of disc height and ROM may also induce erosion. That reduction of most radiologic parameters seems to be natural after surgery, and insufficient reduction of disc height and ROM may induce adverse effects, which can increase the possibility of spinous process fracture or device malposition.

AB - Objectives: Studies have yet to investigate long-term radiologic changes in lumbar spinal stenosis patients treated with interspinous device (Coflex). This study aimed to evaluate which radiologic parameters change significantly after surgery with Coflex and identify which parameter most affects the radiologic outcome. Methods: Of 101 patients with lumbar spinal stenosis treated by Coflex insertion on L4-5, the radiologic parameters of 30 patients were measured before and at least 2 years after surgery. On the basis of the development of bony erosion around Coflex, patients were divided into the erosion group (n = 14) or the nonerosion group (n = 16). Results: The mean anterior disc height (ADH) and range of motion (ROM) were significantly decreased after surgery (15.161 mm vs. 13.788 mm and 9.63° vs. 7.13°). The erosion group showed substantially higher values in preoperative ADH, postoperative posterior disc height (PDH), and intervertebral foramen height (6.52 mm vs. 8.05 mm; 5.80 mm vs. 8.03 mm; 19.20 mm vs. 21.06 mm). Postoperative ROM and ROM ratio were higher in the erosion group (5.95° vs. 8.47° and 0.659 vs. 0.938). However, only ADH showed a significant change in the erosion group after surgery (15.86 mm vs. 14.29 mm). On the contrary, ADH and PDH, as well as ROM, were significantly decreased in the nonerosion group (14.55 mm vs. 13.34 mm; 6.52 mm vs. 5.82 mm; 9.46° vs. 5.95°). Conclusion: The preoperative state including relatively higher ADH, PDH, and larger ROM could induce erosion. The long-term preservation of disc height and ROM may also induce erosion. That reduction of most radiologic parameters seems to be natural after surgery, and insufficient reduction of disc height and ROM may induce adverse effects, which can increase the possibility of spinous process fracture or device malposition.

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