Parallel Laser Printing of a Thermal Emission Pattern in a Phase-Change Thin Film Cavity for Infrared Camouflage and Security

Yeongseon Kim, Chanhee Kim, Myeongkyu Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Engineering the thermal emission of a material in the long-wavelength infrared (IR) range is applicable to a wide variety of fields, including IR-adaptive camouflage, information encryption, radiative cooling, energy-saving windows, and personal thermal management. Although many different materials or structures have been proposed for these purposes, the position-selective dynamic control of their thermal emission remains a significant challenge. Herein, a laser printing method is presented to spatially tune the thermal emission of a Ge2Sb2Te5 (GST) planar cavity formed on a metal back reflector. Crystallization-induced emission patterns are directly recorded into an amorphous GST film (400 nm thick) in a layer-by-layer fashion, where the crystallization of each layer is patterned using a spatially modulated pulsed laser beam. The proposed parallel laser printing method can produce gradient emission patterns as well as stepwise patterns, enabling the emissivity at a specific position to be tuned from 0.26 to 0.8. This provides a promising platform for IR-adaptive camouflage, which is demonstrated with emissivity-modulated GST emitters. This study also shows that laser-printed emission patterns can be effectively utilized for security applications such as anti-forgery.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2100545
JournalLaser and Photonics Reviews
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Mar

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Y.K. and C.K. contributed equally to this work. This work was supported by a National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korean government (MSIT) (NRF‐2020R1A2C2003575).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Wiley-VCH GmbH

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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