Parametric study of high purity O2 three-bed pvsa process for combustion processes

Min Bae Kim, Sang Jin Lee, Jin Hwan Jung, Jeong Geun Jee, Chang Ha Lee

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Recently, due to the reduction and sequestration of CO2, O 2 inhalation combustion processes have been developed extensively for use in, among others, the iron, steel and incineration industries. In these industries, O2 needs to be at least 95% purity to be used cost-effectively in fuel combustion, because of the carbon tax placed on CO 2 capturing. Oxygen combustion processes can contribute to the energy saving and CO2 capturing due to high combustion energy and pure CO2 effluent. In our previous study [Jee et al. (2005)], a three-bed PVSA process with two equilibrium beds and one kinetic bed was presented to produce high purity O2 with less than 1% N2 impurity from ambient air. In this study, to improve and optimize the cyclic performance of three-bed PVSA process, a parametric study was done by experimental and theoretical works. Since the concentration wave fronts of each air component was controlled by equilibrium adsorption amount in zeolite 10X bed, the adsorption pressure and feed flow rate of zeolite 10X bed concerning adsorption amount played as key operating variables in the air bulk separation. Related to the non-isobaric steps such as PR and PE steps of zeolite 10X bed, pertinently adopted step time could improve both the O2 purity and recovery. The PR and AD steps of CMS bed served as key operating variables in the purification of the oxygen-rich feeds from zeolite 10X bed. The increased PR and AD step time of CMS bed improved the O2 purity because the step of removing the impurities, Ar and N2, was prolonged in terms of kinetic separation. However, excessively increased PR and AD step time led to the decrease of O2 purity because the related AD step time of zeolite 10X bed simultaneously increased and the breakthrough of N2 and Ar impurities occurred. Therefore, the optimization of PR and AD step times of CMS bed was executed to improve both the performance of equilibrium and kinetic separation beds. As a consequence, the high purity O2 of around 97% with high recovery of around 75% and the productivity of around 5.8X10 -5 cm3/g sec was produced at properly determined operating condition.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Dec 1
Event05AIChE: 2005 AIChE Annual Meeting and Fall Showcase - Cincinnati, OH, United States
Duration: 2005 Oct 302005 Nov 4

Other

Other05AIChE: 2005 AIChE Annual Meeting and Fall Showcase
CountryUnited States
CityCincinnati, OH
Period05/10/3005/11/4

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Impurities
Adsorption
Kinetics
Air
Recovery
Incineration
Oxygen
Taxation
Purification
Effluents
Industry
Energy conservation
Productivity
Flow rate
Iron
Carbon
Steel
Costs

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Kim, M. B., Lee, S. J., Jung, J. H., Jee, J. G., & Lee, C. H. (2005). Parametric study of high purity O2 three-bed pvsa process for combustion processes. Paper presented at 05AIChE: 2005 AIChE Annual Meeting and Fall Showcase, Cincinnati, OH, United States.
Kim, Min Bae ; Lee, Sang Jin ; Jung, Jin Hwan ; Jee, Jeong Geun ; Lee, Chang Ha. / Parametric study of high purity O2 three-bed pvsa process for combustion processes. Paper presented at 05AIChE: 2005 AIChE Annual Meeting and Fall Showcase, Cincinnati, OH, United States.1 p.
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abstract = "Recently, due to the reduction and sequestration of CO2, O 2 inhalation combustion processes have been developed extensively for use in, among others, the iron, steel and incineration industries. In these industries, O2 needs to be at least 95{\%} purity to be used cost-effectively in fuel combustion, because of the carbon tax placed on CO 2 capturing. Oxygen combustion processes can contribute to the energy saving and CO2 capturing due to high combustion energy and pure CO2 effluent. In our previous study [Jee et al. (2005)], a three-bed PVSA process with two equilibrium beds and one kinetic bed was presented to produce high purity O2 with less than 1{\%} N2 impurity from ambient air. In this study, to improve and optimize the cyclic performance of three-bed PVSA process, a parametric study was done by experimental and theoretical works. Since the concentration wave fronts of each air component was controlled by equilibrium adsorption amount in zeolite 10X bed, the adsorption pressure and feed flow rate of zeolite 10X bed concerning adsorption amount played as key operating variables in the air bulk separation. Related to the non-isobaric steps such as PR and PE steps of zeolite 10X bed, pertinently adopted step time could improve both the O2 purity and recovery. The PR and AD steps of CMS bed served as key operating variables in the purification of the oxygen-rich feeds from zeolite 10X bed. The increased PR and AD step time of CMS bed improved the O2 purity because the step of removing the impurities, Ar and N2, was prolonged in terms of kinetic separation. However, excessively increased PR and AD step time led to the decrease of O2 purity because the related AD step time of zeolite 10X bed simultaneously increased and the breakthrough of N2 and Ar impurities occurred. Therefore, the optimization of PR and AD step times of CMS bed was executed to improve both the performance of equilibrium and kinetic separation beds. As a consequence, the high purity O2 of around 97{\%} with high recovery of around 75{\%} and the productivity of around 5.8X10 -5 cm3/g sec was produced at properly determined operating condition.",
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Kim, MB, Lee, SJ, Jung, JH, Jee, JG & Lee, CH 2005, 'Parametric study of high purity O2 three-bed pvsa process for combustion processes', Paper presented at 05AIChE: 2005 AIChE Annual Meeting and Fall Showcase, Cincinnati, OH, United States, 05/10/30 - 05/11/4.

Parametric study of high purity O2 three-bed pvsa process for combustion processes. / Kim, Min Bae; Lee, Sang Jin; Jung, Jin Hwan; Jee, Jeong Geun; Lee, Chang Ha.

2005. Paper presented at 05AIChE: 2005 AIChE Annual Meeting and Fall Showcase, Cincinnati, OH, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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AU - Kim, Min Bae

AU - Lee, Sang Jin

AU - Jung, Jin Hwan

AU - Jee, Jeong Geun

AU - Lee, Chang Ha

PY - 2005/12/1

Y1 - 2005/12/1

N2 - Recently, due to the reduction and sequestration of CO2, O 2 inhalation combustion processes have been developed extensively for use in, among others, the iron, steel and incineration industries. In these industries, O2 needs to be at least 95% purity to be used cost-effectively in fuel combustion, because of the carbon tax placed on CO 2 capturing. Oxygen combustion processes can contribute to the energy saving and CO2 capturing due to high combustion energy and pure CO2 effluent. In our previous study [Jee et al. (2005)], a three-bed PVSA process with two equilibrium beds and one kinetic bed was presented to produce high purity O2 with less than 1% N2 impurity from ambient air. In this study, to improve and optimize the cyclic performance of three-bed PVSA process, a parametric study was done by experimental and theoretical works. Since the concentration wave fronts of each air component was controlled by equilibrium adsorption amount in zeolite 10X bed, the adsorption pressure and feed flow rate of zeolite 10X bed concerning adsorption amount played as key operating variables in the air bulk separation. Related to the non-isobaric steps such as PR and PE steps of zeolite 10X bed, pertinently adopted step time could improve both the O2 purity and recovery. The PR and AD steps of CMS bed served as key operating variables in the purification of the oxygen-rich feeds from zeolite 10X bed. The increased PR and AD step time of CMS bed improved the O2 purity because the step of removing the impurities, Ar and N2, was prolonged in terms of kinetic separation. However, excessively increased PR and AD step time led to the decrease of O2 purity because the related AD step time of zeolite 10X bed simultaneously increased and the breakthrough of N2 and Ar impurities occurred. Therefore, the optimization of PR and AD step times of CMS bed was executed to improve both the performance of equilibrium and kinetic separation beds. As a consequence, the high purity O2 of around 97% with high recovery of around 75% and the productivity of around 5.8X10 -5 cm3/g sec was produced at properly determined operating condition.

AB - Recently, due to the reduction and sequestration of CO2, O 2 inhalation combustion processes have been developed extensively for use in, among others, the iron, steel and incineration industries. In these industries, O2 needs to be at least 95% purity to be used cost-effectively in fuel combustion, because of the carbon tax placed on CO 2 capturing. Oxygen combustion processes can contribute to the energy saving and CO2 capturing due to high combustion energy and pure CO2 effluent. In our previous study [Jee et al. (2005)], a three-bed PVSA process with two equilibrium beds and one kinetic bed was presented to produce high purity O2 with less than 1% N2 impurity from ambient air. In this study, to improve and optimize the cyclic performance of three-bed PVSA process, a parametric study was done by experimental and theoretical works. Since the concentration wave fronts of each air component was controlled by equilibrium adsorption amount in zeolite 10X bed, the adsorption pressure and feed flow rate of zeolite 10X bed concerning adsorption amount played as key operating variables in the air bulk separation. Related to the non-isobaric steps such as PR and PE steps of zeolite 10X bed, pertinently adopted step time could improve both the O2 purity and recovery. The PR and AD steps of CMS bed served as key operating variables in the purification of the oxygen-rich feeds from zeolite 10X bed. The increased PR and AD step time of CMS bed improved the O2 purity because the step of removing the impurities, Ar and N2, was prolonged in terms of kinetic separation. However, excessively increased PR and AD step time led to the decrease of O2 purity because the related AD step time of zeolite 10X bed simultaneously increased and the breakthrough of N2 and Ar impurities occurred. Therefore, the optimization of PR and AD step times of CMS bed was executed to improve both the performance of equilibrium and kinetic separation beds. As a consequence, the high purity O2 of around 97% with high recovery of around 75% and the productivity of around 5.8X10 -5 cm3/g sec was produced at properly determined operating condition.

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Kim MB, Lee SJ, Jung JH, Jee JG, Lee CH. Parametric study of high purity O2 three-bed pvsa process for combustion processes. 2005. Paper presented at 05AIChE: 2005 AIChE Annual Meeting and Fall Showcase, Cincinnati, OH, United States.