In this paper, partial feedback schemes for a multiple input multiple output orthogonal frequency division multiple access system using a random beamforming are analyzed and optimized. For partial feedback schemes, the partial channel quality indicator feedback schemes and the partial channel quality rank indicator feedback schemes are considered. For these schemes, we first derive the effective downlink spectral efficiencies by considering the required uplink resource for feedback together over block fading channels. Then, by using the analysis, the amount of feedback overhead per user is optimized to maximize the effective downlink spectral efficiency according to the system and channel parameters. From the analysis and numerical examples, we show that the partial channel quality rank indicator feedback scheme provides better performance than the partial channel quality indicator feedback scheme unless the channel rapidly varies owing to its feedback efficiency, and the proposed adaptive control of the feedback overhead can improve the performance of practical systems, such as the 3rd generation partnership project (3GPP) long term evolution, in practical scenarios.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Information Systems
- Computer Networks and Communications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering