We propose a new algorithm for sparse estimation of eigenvectors in generalized eigenvalue problems (GEPs). The GEP arises in a number of modern data-analytic situations and statistical methods, including principal component analysis (PCA), multiclass linear discriminant analysis (LDA), canonical correlation analysis (CCA), sufficient dimension reduction (SDR), and invariant co-ordinate selection. We propose to modify the standard generalized orthogonal iteration with a sparsity-inducing penalty for the eigenvectors. To achieve this goal, we generalize the equation-solving step of orthogonal iteration to a penalized convex optimization problem. The resulting algorithm, called penalized orthogonal iteration, provides accurate estimation of the true eigenspace, when it is sparse. Also proposed is a computationally more efficient alternative, which works well for PCA and LDA problems. Numerical studies reveal that the proposed algorithms are competitive, and that our tuning procedure works well. We demonstrate applications of the proposed algorithm to obtain sparse estimates for PCA, multiclass LDA, CCA, and SDR. Supplementary materials for this article are available online.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Jeon’s research was supported by Basic Science Research Program of the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2015R1A1A1A05001180) funded by the Korean government.
© 2019, © 2019 American Statistical Association, Institute of Mathematical Statistics, and Interface Foundation of North America.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistics and Probability
- Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics
- Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty