Performance analysis of large intelligent surfaces (LISs): Asymptotic data rate and channel hardening effects

Minchae Jung, Walid Saad, Youngrok Jang, Gyuyeol Kong, Sooyong Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

101 Citations (Scopus)


The concept of a large intelligent surface (LIS) has recently emerged as a promising wireless communication paradigm that can exploit the entire surface of man-made structures for transmitting and receiving information. An LIS is expected to go beyond massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system, insofar as the desired channel can be modeled as a perfect line-of-sight. To understand the fundamental performance benefits, it is imperative to analyze its achievable data rate, under practical LIS environments and limitations. In this paper, an asymptotic analysis of the uplink data rate in an LIS-based large antenna-array system is presented. In particular, the asymptotic LIS rate is derived in a practical wireless environment where the estimated channel on LIS is subject to estimation errors, interference channels are spatially correlated Rician fading channels, and the LIS experiences hardware impairments. Moreover, the occurrence of the channel hardening effect is analyzed and the performance bound is asymptotically derived for the considered LIS system. The analytical asymptotic results are then shown to be in close agreement with the exact mutual information as the number of antennas and devices increase without bounds. Moreover, the derived ergodic rates show that hardware impairments, noise, and interference from estimation errors and the non-line-of-sight path become negligible as the number of antennas increases. Simulation results show that an LIS can achieve a performance that is comparable to conventional massive MIMO with improved reliability and a significantly reduced area for antenna deployment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8948323
Pages (from-to)2052-2065
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Mar

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Manuscript received June 8, 2019; revised October 25, 2019; accepted December 11, 2019. Date of publication January 1, 2020; date of current version March 10, 2020. This work was supported in part by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education under Grant NRF-2016R1A6A3A11936259 and in part by the U.S. National Science Foundation under Grant IIS-1633363 and Grant OAC-1638283. This article was presented in part at the 2020 European Conference on Networks and Communications (EuCNC 2020) [1]. The associate editor coordinating the review of this article and approving it for publication was C. Masouros. (Corresponding author: Sooyong Choi.) Minchae Jung is with the Wireless@VT, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061 USA (e-mail:

Publisher Copyright:
© 2002-2012 IEEE.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


Dive into the research topics of 'Performance analysis of large intelligent surfaces (LISs): Asymptotic data rate and channel hardening effects'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this