In this paper, we consider massive multiple-input-multiple-output systems for both downlink and uplink scenarios, where three radio units connected via one digital unit support multiple user equipments at the cell-boundary through the same radio resource, i.e., the same time-frequency slot. For downlink transmitter options, the study considers zero forcing (ZF) and maximum ratio transmission (MRT), whereas for uplink receiver options, it considers ZF and maximum ratio combining (MRC). For the sum rate of each of these, we derive simple closed-form formulas. In the simple but practically relevant case where uniform power is allocated to all downlink data streams, we observe that, for the downlink, vector normalization is better for ZF whereas matrix normalization is better for MRT. For a given antenna and user configuration, we also analytically derive the signal-to-noise-ratio level below which MRC should be used instead of ZF. Numerical simulations confirm our analytical results.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Applied Mathematics