NiO-coated YSZ composite powders were synthesized through the Pechini process in order to improve the performance and durability of SOFC anodes. Their microstructures and electrical properties have been investigated with thermal and redox cycling tests. The coverage of NiO crystals on the YSZ surface could be modulated by controlling the composition of the reaction mixture and the ratio of NiO and YSZ. Ni-YSZ electrodes were manufactured by sintering the die-pressed NiO-YSZ pellet at 1400 °C for 3 h, followed by reducing it to 800 °C under hydrogen atmosphere. The anode made from NiO/YSZ composite powder, which has a high homogeneity and plenty of contact sites between Ni and YSZ, has an excellent tolerance against thermal and redox cycling. The maximum power density of a single cell made from NiO/YSZ composite powder was 0.56 W cm- 2 at 800 °C in reactive gases of humidified hydrogen and air. It can be concluded that the functional NiO/YSZ composite powder will suppress the degradation of anodes and enhance the long-term and redox stability of the unit cell at elevated temperatures.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics