Performance Comparison Between Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopy-based IR Biotyper and Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry for Strain Diversity

Son Young Jun, Young Ah Kim, Suk Jun Lee, Woon Won Jung, Hyun Sook Kim, Sung Soo Kim, Hyunsoo Kim, Dongeun Yong, Kyungwon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Development of an accessible method to routinely evaluate the clonality of strains is needed in microbiology laboratories. We compared the discriminatory power of the Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy-based IR Biotyper (Bruker Daltonics GmbH, Bremen, Germany) to matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS), using whole-genome sequencing (WGS) as the reference method. Methods: Eighty-three extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli isolates were tested using WGS, MALDI-TOF MS, and IR Biotyper. Simpson's diversity index (SDI), a statistical analysis for testing the homogeneity of a dendrogram, and the adjusted Rand index (aRI) were used to compare the discriminatory ability between typing tests. Results: The SDI (95% confidence interval) was 0.969 (0.952-0.985) for WGS, 0.865 (0.807-0.924) for MALDI-TOF MS, and 0.974 (0.965-0.983) for IR Biotyper. Compared with WGS, IR Biotyper showed compatible diversity, whereas MALDI-TOF MS did not. The concordance and aRI improved from 66.3% to 84.3% and from 0.173 to 0.538, respectively, for IR Biotyper versus MALDI-TOF MS with WGS as the reference method. IR Biotyper showed substantially improved performance in strain typing compared with MALDI-TOF MS. Conclusions: IR Biotyper is useful for diversity analysis with improved discriminatory power over MALDI-TOF MS in comparison with WGS as a reference method. IR Biotyper is an accessible method to evaluate the clonality of strains and could be applied in epidemiological analysis during an outbreak of a health care facility, as well as for research on the transmission of resistant bacteria in community settings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-179
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of laboratory medicine
Volume43
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Mar 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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