Numerous immunoassays have been developed to measure the levels of chromogranin A (CgA), a useful biomarker for diagnosing and monitoring generally heterogeneous neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). Here, we evaluated the imprecision and linearity of three such assays: KRYPTOR (ThermoFisher Scientific), NEOLISA (EuroDiagnostica), and CgA-RIA (CisBio), using 123 samples for each assay. The correlation coefficients between the assays were 0.932 (CgA-RIA versus NEOLISA), 0.956 (KRYPTOR versus CgA-RIA), and 0.873 (NEOLISA versus KRYPTOR). KRYPTOR showed good precision, with percent coefficients of variation less than 5% for low and high concentration quality controls. Linearity was maintained over a wide concentration range. Comparison of CgA levels from three disease entities (NETs, non-NET pancreatic tumors, and prostate cancer) and healthy controls showed that patients with NETs had significantly higher CgA levels (n = 57, mean: 1.82 ± 0.43 log ng/mL) than healthy individuals (n = 20, mean: 1.51 ± 0.23 log ng/mL; p = 0.018). No other significant differences between groups were observed. All three immunoassays showed strong correlations in measured CgA levels. Because KRYPTOR operation uses a fully automated random-access system and requires shorter incubation times and smaller sample volumes, the KRYPTOR assay may improve laboratory workflow while maintaining satisfactory analytical performance.
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© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Biochemistry