A bilayered cathode interfacial structure consisting of lithium fluoride (LiF) and pyromellitic dianhydride (PMDA) was used between Al and tris-(8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminum (Al q3) in the organic light-emitting diode (OLED), and a better performance enhancement compared to the OLED with a single LiF interfacial layer was achieved by using an optimal thickness combination of the bilayered interfacial structure (0.3 nm LiF/0.7 nm PMDA). The bilayered interfacial stucture with an optimum thickness combination decreased the parallel bulk resistance and lowered the electron injection barrier height between Al and Al q3 according to the impedance and in situ ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy measurements, respectively.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry