This study increased the surface area of a membrane by forming patterns on the Nafion resin membrane using a stainless steel mesh to enhance the performance of a direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) because the triple-phase boundary is extended. Nafion resin (F-form (–SO3F)) was used which has melt-moldability to form a stable surface pattern and to directly coat the catalyst layer by the bar-coating method. The performance (polarization and power density curves) and the resistance of the membrane-electrode assembly (MEA) were analyzed with a single cell and an impedance analyzer. The surface area of the patterned membranes was increased 1.99, 2.10, and 2.12 times compared to the flat membrane, and the power density also increased 12.9, 18.6, and 24.2% at 0.4 V, respectively. The performance of the MEA with the patterned membrane had a lower concentration polarization than that of the MEA with the flat membrane. The performance of the MEAs with the patterned membranes had a greater impact on the cathode side of the membrane than on the anode side. The results of these experiments offer a solution to the problem of a low performance of MEA, which is one of the disadvantages of DMFCs.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the New and Renewable Energy R&D Program of the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) , granted financial resource from the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy, Republic of Korea (No. 20143030031330 ).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology