Performance of a MEA using patterned membrane with a directly coated electrode by the bar-coating method in a direct methanol fuel cell

Saetbyeol Kang, Gyuna Bae, Sang Kyung Kim, Doo Hwan Jung, Yong-Gun Shul, Dong Hyun Peck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This study increased the surface area of a membrane by forming patterns on the Nafion resin membrane using a stainless steel mesh to enhance the performance of a direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) because the triple-phase boundary is extended. Nafion resin (F-form (–SO3F)) was used which has melt-moldability to form a stable surface pattern and to directly coat the catalyst layer by the bar-coating method. The performance (polarization and power density curves) and the resistance of the membrane-electrode assembly (MEA) were analyzed with a single cell and an impedance analyzer. The surface area of the patterned membranes was increased 1.99, 2.10, and 2.12 times compared to the flat membrane, and the power density also increased 12.9, 18.6, and 24.2% at 0.4 V, respectively. The performance of the MEA with the patterned membrane had a lower concentration polarization than that of the MEA with the flat membrane. The performance of the MEAs with the patterned membranes had a greater impact on the cathode side of the membrane than on the anode side. The results of these experiments offer a solution to the problem of a low performance of MEA, which is one of the disadvantages of DMFCs.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2018 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Direct methanol fuel cells (DMFC)
fuel cells
coating
methyl alcohol
assembly
membranes
Membranes
Coatings
Electrodes
electrodes
resins
radiant flux density
Resins
Polarization
Phase boundaries
polarization
mesh
low concentrations
stainless steels
analyzers

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

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title = "Performance of a MEA using patterned membrane with a directly coated electrode by the bar-coating method in a direct methanol fuel cell",
abstract = "This study increased the surface area of a membrane by forming patterns on the Nafion resin membrane using a stainless steel mesh to enhance the performance of a direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) because the triple-phase boundary is extended. Nafion resin (F-form (–SO3F)) was used which has melt-moldability to form a stable surface pattern and to directly coat the catalyst layer by the bar-coating method. The performance (polarization and power density curves) and the resistance of the membrane-electrode assembly (MEA) were analyzed with a single cell and an impedance analyzer. The surface area of the patterned membranes was increased 1.99, 2.10, and 2.12 times compared to the flat membrane, and the power density also increased 12.9, 18.6, and 24.2{\%} at 0.4 V, respectively. The performance of the MEA with the patterned membrane had a lower concentration polarization than that of the MEA with the flat membrane. The performance of the MEAs with the patterned membranes had a greater impact on the cathode side of the membrane than on the anode side. The results of these experiments offer a solution to the problem of a low performance of MEA, which is one of the disadvantages of DMFCs.",
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Performance of a MEA using patterned membrane with a directly coated electrode by the bar-coating method in a direct methanol fuel cell. / Kang, Saetbyeol; Bae, Gyuna; Kim, Sang Kyung; Jung, Doo Hwan; Shul, Yong-Gun; Peck, Dong Hyun.

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Shul, Yong-Gun

AU - Peck, Dong Hyun

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