Performance of the tuberculin skin test and interferon-γ release assay for detection of tuberculosis infection in immunocompromised patients in a BCG-vaccinated population

Eun Y. Kim, Ju E. Lim, Ji Y. Jung, Ji Y. Son, Kyung J. Lee, Yoe W. Yoon, Byung H. Park, Jin W. Moon, Moo S. Park, Young S. Kim, Se K. Kim, Joon Chang, Young A. Kang

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Abstract

Background: Interferon-γ release assay (IGRA) may improve diagnostic accuracy for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). This study compared the performance of the tuberculin skin test (TST) with that of IGRA for the diagnosis of LTBI in immunocompromised patients in an intermediate TB burden country where BCG vaccination is mandatory. Methods: We conducted a retrospective observational study of patients given the TST and an IGRA, the QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-IT), at Severance Hospital, a tertiary hospital in South Korea, from December 2006 to May 2009. Results: Of 211 patients who underwent TST and QFT-IT testing, 117 (55%) were classified as immunocompromised. Significantly fewer immunocompromised than immunocompetent patients had positive TST results (10.3% vs. 27.7%, p 0.001), whereas the percentage of positive QFT-IT results was comparable for both groups (21.4% vs. 25.5%). However, indeterminate QFT-IT results were more frequent in immunocompromised than immunocompetent patients (21.4% vs. 9.6%, p 0.021). Agreement between the TST and QFT-IT was fair for the immunocompromised group (κ = 0.38), but moderate agreement was observed for the immunocompetent group (κ = 0.57). Indeterminate QFT-IT results were associated with anaemia, lymphocytopenia, hypoproteinemia, and hypoalbuminemia. Conclusion: In immunocompromised patients, the QFT-IT may be more sensitive than the TST for detection of LTBI, but it resulted in a considerable proportion of indeterminate results. Therefore, both tests may maximise the efficacy of screening for LTBI in immunocompromised patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number207
JournalBMC Infectious Diseases
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Dec 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Infectious Diseases

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    Kim, E. Y., Lim, J. E., Jung, J. Y., Son, J. Y., Lee, K. J., Yoon, Y. W., Park, B. H., Moon, J. W., Park, M. S., Kim, Y. S., Kim, S. K., Chang, J., & Kang, Y. A. (2009). Performance of the tuberculin skin test and interferon-γ release assay for detection of tuberculosis infection in immunocompromised patients in a BCG-vaccinated population. BMC Infectious Diseases, 9, [207]. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2334-9-207