Peri-operative inflammatory marker as a predictive factor for prolonged post-operative ileus after gastrectomy for gastric cancer

Yonsoo Kim, Young Min Kim, Jie Hyun Kim, Young Hoon Youn, Jong Won Kim, Hyojin Park

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Background/Aims: Although prolonged post-operative ileus (PPOI) is an important factor for the prolonged length of post-operative hospital stay, there is still a lack of effective predictive and therapeutic methods for PPOI. Previous studies reported that increased inflammatory markers, such as C-reactive protein (CRP) level and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), are associated with malignancies. The aim of our study is to elucidate the association between peri-operative inflammatory markers and PPOI after gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Methods: We enrolled patients who received gastrectomy for gastric cancer from June 2013 to January 2016 at a single tertiary referral center in Seoul, Korea. We evaluated peri-operative inflammatory markers, including CRP level, NLR, and platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) of enrolled patients. We compared these data between control group and PPOI group. Results: A total of 390 subjects were enrolled in this study, and 132 patients (33.8%) showed PPOI. In univariate analysis, preoperative CRP level and NLR, post-operative day (POD) 1 CRP level, NLR, and PLR, and POD3 CRP level, NLR, and PLR were significantly associated with PPOI. In multivariate analysis, preoperative NLR (P = 0.014), POD1 NLR (P = 0.019), POD3 CRP (P = 0.004), and POD3 NLR (P = 0.008) were independent risk factors for PPOI. Conclusions: Peri-operative inflammatory markers, such as CRP level and NLR, are useful predictive factors for PPOI who received gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Moreover, prophylactic antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs can be preventive and therapeutic agents for PPOI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)588-595
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Oct

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Korean Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Gastroenterology


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