Periodontal and root changes after orthodontic treatment in middle-aged adults are similar to those in young adults

Jihee Han, Soonshin Hwang, Tung Nguyen, William R. Proffit, Kunimichi Soma, Yoon Jeong Choi, Kyung Ho Kim, Chooryung J. Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: The goal of this study was to compare the outcomes and amount of change in periodontal health of anterior teeth in young versus middle-aged adults, who were treated to improve anterior alignment and occlusion. Methods: Pre- and posttreatment records including orthodontic casts, cephalograms, and standardized periapical radiographs were retrospectively collected from young adults (aged 19-30 years; n = 12) and middle-aged adults (aged ≥40 years; n = 27). Following the American Board of Orthodontics criteria, discrepancy index (DI), cast-radiograph evaluation (CRE), treatment duration (TD), marginal bone loss (MBL), and tooth length (TL) were measured, and with the use of periapical radiographs, changes in the level of marginal bone (MBC) and the amount of root resorption (RR) after orthodontic treatment were calculated. Results: DI, MBL, and TD were significantly higher in the middle-aged adults than in the young adults (P < 0.05). However, CRE and MBC after treatment were similar between the 2 groups (P > 0.05). The mean amount of RR following treatment was −0.6 ± 0.44 mm and −1.0 ± 0.61 mm in young and middle-aged adults, respectively. The degree of RR after compensating for treatment complexity and TD was similar between the 2 groups (P > 0.05). Conclusions: Although the initial malocclusion and periodontal conditions were unfavorable for the middle-aged adults, the overall treatment and periodontal outcomes after orthodontic treatment of the anterior teeth were similar to those for young adults. It appears that older adults tolerate orthodontics to improve the appearance of the anterior teeth as well as younger adults, with no additional burden because of their increased age.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)650-655.e2
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2019 May

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthodontics

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